"Radio Bikini" Video Transcripts by Richard Kucera (firstname.lastname@example.org) WITHOUT A DOUBT: Classic Quotes from Operation Crossroads ---------------------------------------------------------- In 1946, U.S. military forces exploded two bombs in the Bikini atoll in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. The quotes which follow came from the media blitz which accompanied the "event", Operation Crossroads. They have been excerpted from the film documentary, "Radio Bikini", by Robert Stone. Research Sources: Archives Project Defense Nuclear Agency Defense Audio-Visual Agency DASIAC 20th Century Fox Movietone News, Inc. National Archives Petrified Films Sherman-Grinberg Film Library Steamline Film Archive "7:00pm eastern war-time, Bob Chauff reporting. The Japanese have accepted our terms fully. That's the word we've just received from the White House in Washington. This, ladies and gentlemen, is the end of the Second World War." "Ladies and gentlemen, the President of the United States... A short time ago an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima. That bomb has more power then twenty thousand tons of TNT. It is an atomic bomb. It is a harnessing of the basic power of the universe. Having found the atomic bomb, we have used it. It is an awful responsibility which has come to us. We thank God that it has come to us instead of to our enemies, and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes." "[slap] Action! The atom bomb is here. It exists. We must look to the future. Up until now, only three have been exploded and none over the water. It is the duty of the military services to explore the military might of this new weapon. We want to be prepared for any use of atomic energy that may become necessary, whether offensive or defensive." "An American came to Bikini. He said he was the most powerful man in the world. He said he wanted to drop a bomb on Bikini. He said America wanted to use Bikini and that we would have to leave." --Kilon Bauno, Chief of the Bikinians "Now then James tell them please that, uh, the United States Government, now, wants to turn this great destructive power into something for the *benefit* of man*kind*. And that these experiments here at Bikini are the *first step* in that direction." "We really didn't know what was going on. We were very confused. They were taking many pictures of us. But at that time I didn't even know what a camera was. I couldn't understand why they had to do everything so many times." --Kilon Bauno "Crossroads, scene 25 take 1! [slap!] Well now then James will you *tell* them that the United States Government. Now wants to turn this *great* destructive force into something *good* for mankinda? [slap!] something *good* for mankind? [slap!] something *good* for man*kind*. Alright. Is that alright? Alright? OK cut it!" "It is difficult for me to express how sad I was as we were leaving. We looked back and saw them burning all of our houses [no footage of this] They burned everything. Even the outriggers we had to leave behind [military footage shows an outrigger being carefully hoisted onto a ship]. As we left, a great sadness came over us. We were so sad that nobody ate anything as they moved us from Bikini to the Island of Rongerik. [again footage and radio coverage don't present the sad picture--they show only friendly, welcoming, singing "natives"] --Kilon Bauno "How many cameras are going to be used on this operation here? Uh, there'll be a hundred-n-4 still cameras, 208 motion picture cameras. Well, some of our statisticians have computed that we're going make as many pictures in the first, uh, several seconds as are made in 11, uh, hollywood productions. That's a lot of footage. What would it run to in, uh, weight? We brought over 18 tons so we'd have enough." "We are speaking to you from the Island of Bikini. We think this is a rather auspicious occasion, because of the fact that this is probably the first time, and no doubt the last, that a radio station will broadcasting from Bikini. This island has been read about and told about and you've seen pictures of it in the papers in the magazines and over the radio for the past several months. Now, this is an actual broadcast from this location." "Everybody was on a sort of a good attitude. I thought we were. I was. We thought this was wonderful the way they were treatin' us there. And had all the ice cream we could eat. And we had some of this whatch-you-call-this 3-2 beer. And, uh, tryin' to cool off with that." --Navy serviceman, died of cancer in 1983, extremities progressively amputated over the years due to massive unexplained swelling. "Congressman Engel, what interests you most about this test?... I'm interested in the effect of a blast upon the enemies. Because by studying such effects, we will learn approximately what may happen to humans in the event they are exposed to atomic attack." "We scientists who have released this immense power, have overwhelming responsibility to bring realization to America that mankind's destiny is being decided today, now, this moment. We ask your help in this fateful moment assign that we scientists do not stand alone." "I agree." -- A. Einstein "For late reports on the atom bomb test at Bikini stay tuned to your mutual station. We take you now to New York...This, uh, Security Council chamber is as packed as it's never been before to listen to this historic declaration as the government of the United States is about to present its plan for the world control of atomic energy. And, now we give you, Mr. Bernard Baruch, the American delegate to the United Nations Commission on Atomic Energy...My fellow members of the United Nations Atomic Energy Commision and my fellow citizens of the world, we are here to make a choice between the quick and the dead. That is our business. Behind that black portent of the new atomic age lies a hope which, seized upon with faith, can work our salvation. If we fail, then we have damned everyman to be the slave of fear. Now, if ever, is the time to act for the common good. We of this nation realizing the heavy obligations upon us arising from our possession of the means of producing the bomb, and from the fact that it is a part of our armament, are prepared to make our full contribution toward effective control of atomic energy." "The Baruch Plan is not in the interest of the United Nations. There exists another plan for the atomic bomb proposed by the Soviet Union. In the heart of our plan lies a completely different arrangement. We the people of the Soviet Union do not have any future plans for an atomic bomb." --Vyacheslaw Molotov, Soviet Foriegn Minister "Mr. Molotov's speech indicated distrust and misunderstanding of the motives of the United States and of *other* members of the United Nations. Our motives, in war and peace, we leave to the judgement of history." --Warren Austin, U.S. delegate to the U.N. "All I know is what they told us at the time. They needed to drop the bomb on Bikini to see what would happen in case there was another world war. They said they needed to do this to keep all the *other* nations under control. This is why they dropped the bomb on my island." --Kilon Bauno "I know that you'll be interested as I will be to see the test tomorrow. And I know that you are aware that, uh, they are conducted in not any frivolous or casual fashion. That, uh, they do not constitute a-any gesture of war or of aggression or threat. Thank you very much.[clap clap clap go the foreign delegates from France, Mexico, etc.]" --James Forrestal, U.S. Secretary of the Navy "Experiment provides experience. Experience fortifies theory. Knowledge is power. The way is clear--the challenge strong-- the duty inescapable. We must have the facts. Common sense calls for the facts. Now." "The time has come to send the atom bomb by air to Bikini. To burst in cosmic fury over an anchored fleet [composed] of American, Japanese, and German Naval vessels. The most explosive experiment in history is about to begin...40 miles per hour...80...now 120...he's up! The plane is airborne! The atom bomb is in the air on its way to Bikini! For the greatest experiment, the most explosive experiment in history." "At this time NBC interrupts its regular program schedule to bring you a history making broadcast. The actual dropping of the bomb at Bikini. In a matter of minutes not an army superfortress will drop that bomb on target ships Bikini lagoon. There are those who predict it may be the last such test if nations now can agree to outlaw the bomb. The United Nations Atomic Energy Commission now is analyzing that problem, and the world waits to see whether there can be a compromise between our own plan for controlling atomic energy and that of Soviet-Russia." "Crossroads, scene 1, take 1, A Day Burst, USS Padamin [slap!]" "12 11 10 9 all green! 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0...[BOOM!]" "I thought it was great." --veteran, 1977 "*Congressman* Ezak[?], what was your first general impression of the explosion of the atomic bomb a few moments ago?... It was one of *keen disappointment* I'll say. It looked to me as if the Navy department thought members of congress would get too close and that they do not consider us expendable." "It struck me as the most awe-inspiring and magnificent man-made spectacle I have ever seen in my life." "It put me pretty much in mind of the, uh, setting sun." "It seemed like a huge, giant firecracker." "The National Broadcasting Company interrupts all its programs to bring you a special broadcast...a few hours ago the atomic bomb was dropped on the target in Bikini. Aboard this vessel which carries the *scientific* observers and United Nations representatives there is, without a doubt, a *keen sense of disappointment*. Disappointment with what we witnessed this morning. It was a successful experiment for the army and navy, but from twenty miles away, it was a pretty poor spectacle." "Uh, the ships were turned in every direction--the ones that were left" --Navy serviceman's impression of ground zero "We were never told about any radioactive exposure... In fact we didn't really know what the word was." --Enlisted Man "Out here in the peaceful pacific, where the natives sit, in their courtesy, and in their friendliness, with their smiles, with their happiness, they aren't sure exactly what the atom bomb means, but at least they admit it...so you have "You are my Sunshine" sung to you in Marshalese, perhaps the top tune of the week, you might say, out here on the tiny isle of Rongerik." "The bomb will not start a chain reaction in the water, converting it all to gas, and letting all the ships on all the oceans drop down to the bottom. It will not blow out the bottom of the sea and let all the water run down the hole. It will not destroy gravity. I am not an atomic playboy." --Vice Admiral Blandy, Crossroads Commander "10 seconds...5 4 3 2 1 [boom!]" "I can see nothing at all of the target vessels--they are all completely obliterated by the radioactive spray that is in the air...an entirely different shape than the classic design of mushroom which we knew." "They came and gave us pictures of the bomb. Of course back then I had no idea what an atomic bomb was. None of us had any idea what it was or that it would do such harm to our island...There is nothing in my life I want more than to go home to Bikini. The reason I can't go back is because the Americans tell me there is 'poison' there. I don't understand this but that is what the Americans say. This[Rongerik] is not my island. I want to go back to my paradise where God intended us to be. I am asking America to take us home. I want to go back to my island to live out my final days." --Kilon Bauno "There's no question in my mind, that of all the things that went on in Operation Crossroads was me, uh, it was a slow death from that time to this date. Not only me but there's other thousands of men out there that may be worse off than I am. There's so many thousands of those men that are dead now, and they don't really know what caused there death." --Ex-Enlisted Navy serviceman "And Action!...The search of science for the absolute weapon has reached fruition in this country. But we stand ready to destroy this instrument. Let us not deceive ourselves. We must select world peace or world destruction...Cut!" --Bernard Baruch Kilon Bauno and his people remain as refugees scattered throughout the Marshall Islands. The End. Radioactivity and Health(R&H), 1988, by J Newell Stannard, DOE Office of Health and Environmental Research under Contract DE-AC06-76RLO 1830 The immense volume should be taken with a proportionately large grain of salt. In one instance, on page 891: page 891, _Radioactivity and Health_(R&H), 1988, by J Newell Stannard, under the auspices of DOE Office of Health and Environmental Research under Contract DE-AC06-76RLO 1830 "Operation Crossroads was intended as partly a demonstration to the assembled observers[no duh, the U.N. and "Soviet Russia"] of the awesome power of the atomic bomb. Test Able disappointed many. [they were "keenly disappointed" as I recall :] Test Baker left no doubts. [guess I picked the right title, "Without a Doubt" teehee.] Test Baker also brought the potential problems of short- and long-term contamination from fallout vividly front and center. Fortunately, through careful planning, no human being was seriously contaminated or hurt by the radioactivity in these operations. Kudos go to all concerned, particularly the personnel from the medical department of the MED and the medical and support staffs from the U.S. Navy with help from the Public Health Service(PHS) and the Army." Obviously, these statements are demonstrably false. Is this 1988? _Radio Bikini_ pre-dates this denial by a few years if I'm not mistaken. Also, in R&H, the author claims that the Navy waited three(3) days for radioactivity levels to decrease before the recovery of animals and instruments began in earnest at ground zero. Once again, this is a false statement. The navy enlisted man interviewed in _Radio Bikini_ states that they waited at most a few hours, if I'm not mistaken, and then proceeded to ground zero and began boarding the target vessels.